This is the first survey of its kind to assess the impact of Government Policy for 2006 on the Creation of Jobs within the economy. In the policy document, government objective was to provide tax incentives and inject capital into some sectors of the economy to create job opportunities. The purpose of the survey was to find out the level of access of the facilities provided and the number of jobs that were created as a result of the policy.
The Job Tracking Survey was conducted to provide credible data for effective monitoring and evaluation of job creation programmes being implemented by the Government. These data were to be used to monitor the progress of the Poverty Reduction Strategies (PRS) and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The Growth and Poverty Reduction Prgramme (GPRP) in Ghana provides a coordinated programme for achieving sectoral, national and international development outcomes including the MDGs. Unemployment reaims a critical challenge in efforts at reducing poverty. Policy orientation in 2006 was therefore towards providing various incentives for firms to invest productively, create jobs and expand. Thus the theme: Investing in People, Investing in Jobs.
The survey targeted firms which are the main source of information on the creation of jobs. The study collected information background of the firms, including the type of operation and ownership. It also collected information on the knowledge and access to various tax incentives granted to the different sectors of the economy and how these have helped the firms in their expansion prograames towards the creation of jobs.
Several indicators including jobs created, job losses, training (both on the job and formal) and level of skills were also collected. Finally, the survey evaluates the impact of the National Youth Employment Programme (NYEP), labour market demand and job vacancies, job quality and related labour market issues.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
version 1.0: This is the data and report from the Job Tracking Survey. The tables generated were used in the preparation of the final report.
The survey covered establishments in both the public and private sector. For the private sector, it covered all formal establishments particularly, members of the Association of Ghana Industries (AGI), Ghana Association of Consultants (GAC), Ghana Hoteliers Association (GHA), Ghana National Chamber of Commerce and Industry (GNCCI) and the Ghana Chamber of Mines. The 100 extablishments forming the Ghana Club 100 and those listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange (GSE) were also covered.
A number of construction sites were also visited to collect information on persons engaged since Janary 2006.
The survey covered all sectors of the economy under the broad headings Agriculture, Industry and Services.
Firms within the private and public sector in Ghana.
Producers and sponsors
Ghana Statistical Service (GSS)
Office of the President
Government of Ghana
Ministry of Manpower, Youth and Emplyment
Government of Ghana
Sampling for the survey was purposive, and was designed to provide sufficient level of precision for survey estimates for each 3-digit ISIC (International Standard Industrial Classicfication of economic avtivities) domain.
A total of 2,015 establishments in both the private and public sector were covered in the survey. These were made up of 784 from the public sector, made up of 701 public sector institutions in the Ministries, Departments and Agencies, and other public insitutions in the 138 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies. All establishments operating under the President's Special Initiatives (PSIs) were also covered. In addition, 83 public limited companies were covered.
For the private sector, all members of the Association of Ghana Industries (AGI), members of the Ghana Club 100, and establishments listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange were covered in the survey.
All the 2,015 establishments selected in both the private and public sector were covered in the survey.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
The ten Regional Statisticians served as field supervisors during the period of the survey.
In addition, personnel from the GSS head office paid visits to the teams to assess the level of completion of the questionnaires.
Data Collection Notes
A two-day training programme was organized for 170 field enumerators and ten Regional Statisticians who served as Supervisors.
The questionnaire had earlier been piloted by selected Statistical Service staff and reviewed.
Ghana Statistical Service
Office of the President
One questionnaire, the Job Tracking Survey Questionnaire was used. The questionnaire was organized in 11 parts (A - K) and the questions were in English.
Part A was used to collect information on the background of the establishments including Name, Address, Type of Ownership, Organization and Goods and Services produced.
Part B looked at the establishment's connection with any Policy Objectives and Outcomes within the various sectors.
Part C looked the creation of jobs and hiring of personnel.
Part D was devoted to awareness and access to Tax Incentives.
Part E dealt with On-The -Job-Training, Internship and Industrial attachment, while Part F sought for information on Micro-finance, Loans and Grants.
Part G was devoted to outcomes under the National Youth Employment Programme.
Part H collected information on the creation of jobs within the Construction sector.
Parts I and J were used to solicit information on Labour Market Demand and Job Vacancies, Job Quality and other labour market indicators.
PArt K sought for comments and suggestions for the preparation of the 2007 national budget.
The GSS data editing occurs at three levels:
1. Field editing by interviewers and supervisors
2. Office editing
3. Data cleaning and imputation
The data capture at GSS takes the following forms:
1. Manual data entry
Data editing of the captured data usually consists of:
1. Verification or double entry
2. Consistency checks
3. Structure edits
4. Quality Control
Ghana Statistical Service
Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) requires all users to keep information and data strictly confidential. In this regard, before being granted access to datasets, all users have to formally agree to observe the following:
1. Not to make copies of any files or portions of files to which access has been granted except with the authorization by GSS
2. Not to willfully identify any individual or household or establishment in the dataset
3. To hold in strictest confidence, the identity of any individual or household or establishment that may be inadvertently revealed in any documents or discussion, or analysis. Such unintended identification revealed should be immediately brought to the attention of GSS.
4. Data obtained from GSS are protected by copyright law and therefore not for re-distribution or sale
5. Prospective clients or data users may indicate in an affidavit confidentiality of data they access.
The Ghana Statistical Service as a public institution has the obligation to promote data dissemination to facilitate national development. Making data available will enable students and the academia to conduct research works, assist investors to take business decision, help the individual to evaluate and take appropriate decisions. It will also assist the government to formulate appropriate policies and programmes to facilitate national development. GSS' policy framework provides access to data through:
1. Public use files. These categories of data sets are accessible by all without any payment. They are available on-line to all interested users, for research and statistical purposes only.
2. Licensed datasets. These categories of data sets are accessible under certain conditions. Thus, prospective clients/data users may access any data based on certain conditions set by the GSS
3. Datasets only accessible on location. We consider this category as a data enclave where some data sets are only accessible at GSS head office and prospective data users and researches have to physically be available at GSS head office for further discussions before data are released. Thus, data enclave would not be linked to the outside world through our web site or other medium.
The following terms and conditions apply:
Before being granted access to the dataset, all users have to formally agree:
1. To make no copies of any files or portions of files for which access has been granted, except those authorized by GSS.
2. Not to use any technique in an attempt to identify any person, establishment, or sampling unit.
3. To hold in strictest confidence, the identification of any establishment or individual that may be inadvertently revealed in any documents or discussion, or analysis. Such inadvertent identification revealed in her/his analysis will be immediately brought to the attention of the GSS.
4. The data and other materials will not be redistributed or sold to other individuals, institutions, or organizations without the written agreement of GSS.
5. The data will be used for statistical and scientific research purposes only.
6. The data will be used solely for reporting of aggregated information, and not for investigation of specific individuals or organizations.
7. No attempt will be made to identify respondents, and no use will be made of the identity of any person or establishment discovered inadvertently. Any such discovery would immediately be reported to the GSS.
8. No attempt will be made to produce links among datasets provided by the GSS with other datasets that could identify individuals or organizations.
9. Any books, articles, conference papers, theses, dissertations, reports, or other publications that employ data obtained from the GSS would cite the source of data in accordance with the citation statement provided with the dataset
10. An electronic copy of all reports and publications based on the requested data will be sent to the GSS.
GSS, Job Tracking Survey (JTS)-2006, version 1.0
Ghana Statistical Service
Disclaimer and copyrights
The original collector of the data, Ghana Statistical Service, other producers and sponsors cited in this document bear no responsibility for use of the data, for interpretations and inferences based upon such uses.